《小王子》所述的飞行员坠机于撒哈拉大沙漠的情节明显取材于作者的亲身经历。作者1939年的回忆录《风沙星辰》（法語：Terre des hommes）中详细地叙述了这段遭遇。
1935年12月30日2:45，圣埃克苏佩里与副驾驶兼导航员安德烈·普雷沃（法语：André Prévot）在飞行了19小时44分钟后，飞机因故障不幸坠于撒哈拉大沙漠。他们当时正试图打破巴黎至西贡的飞行速度记录，赢得150,000法郎的奖金。飞机型号是 Caudron C-630 Simoun[N 1]，据信坠机地点位于尼罗河三角洲的奈特伦洼地（Wadi Natrun Valley）附近。
作者做邮政飞行员时，曾在撒哈拉大沙漠见过一种大耳朵的狐狸耳廓狐，这大概就是书中狐狸的原型。1928年作者在尤比角做航空邮件站经理时，曾在一封给他妹妹 Didi 的信里提到过驯养耳廓狐的想法。
以“外太空到地球来的访客的遭遇”的故事来表述自己哲学和社会观点的手法，早在1752年就由伏尔泰在其作品《Micromégas》中用过了。圣埃克苏佩里极有可能读过并了解这部传统法语文学作品。 "Little Prince" of the pilots crash in the Sahara desert plot obviously based on the author's personal experience. Memoirs of the 1939 'sand and stars "(French: Terre des hommes) describes this experience in detail.
At 2:45 on December 30, 1935, Saint-Exupery and co-pilot and navigator Andre Prevost (French: André Prévot) after a flight of 19 hours and 44 minutes, and the aircraft due to a fault in the unfortunate fall Sahara desert. They was trying to break in Paris to Saigon flight speed record, won 150,000 francs in prize money. Aircraft model is Caudron C-630 Simoun [N 1], according to nearby Nai Telun depression (Wadi Natrun Valley) channel Nile Delta crash site.
Both miraculously survived in the crash, but immediately faced with the desert heat, the challenges of severe dehydration. At that time they had only a vague simple map, Ji Chuan grapes, a bottle of coffee, an orange, a little wine, and one day the amount of water. Soon the two men saw a mirage, was followed by more and more realistic illusion. The second, three days time, actually dehydrated to the point where a drop of sweat Liu Buchu. Finally on the fourth day, a Bedouin camel passing when people discovered them, with indigenous Shi pay after only saved two lives.
When authors do postal pilots had seen one kind of big ears fox Fennec Fox in the Sahara Desert, which is probably the prototype of the book fox. 1928 in particular, than the angle of doing airmail station manager, had mentioned the idea of domesticated Fennec Fox in a letter to his sister Didi's.
According to the research, the Prince of tis vain and capricious small paper roses are based on the author's wife of El Consuelo de Saint - Exupery, and the asteroid B-612 is derived from its multi-volcano and the famous motherland El Salvador. Although their marriage is not successful, he was like a little prince tenderly care for his roses to her heart. Little Prince encounters on Earth rose bush is actually a symbol of Saint-Exupery's infidelity and other marital problems.
There is evidence that the only story of the fox said the phrase Rose and especially because he loved her, from the New York close friend of Hamilton. "The Little Prince" iconic statement "only people with their own heart to see things," said Hamilton, it is also said.
Some researchers believe that the book giant baobab tree was a metaphor for the Nazi forces were destroying the planet. The pilot said the little prince to comfort your body is just a shell of words from the author's brother. He was on his deathbed, waited at the bedside of the authors, said: "Do not worry, I'm fine. I can not hold this just my body...."
To "outer space to Earth to visitors encounter" story to express their own philosophical and social point of view of the way it used in his work "Micromégas" by Voltaire in early in 1752. Saint-Exupery is likely to have read and understand this traditional French literature.
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