About Karate Technique
Karate (空 手 道) is a martial art originating from Japan. This martial art is slightly influenced by the kenpō Chinese martial art. Karate was brought into Japan via Okinawa and began to flourish in the Ryukyu Islands. This martial art was first called "Tote" meaning "Chinese hand." When karate entered Japan, Japanese nationalism was at its height, so Sensei Gichin Funakoshi changed the kanji of Okinawa (Tote: Chinese Hand) in Japanese kanji to 'karate' (Hand Empty) to make it more acceptable to Japanese society.Karate consists of two kanji.The first is 'Kara' 空 and means 'empty' And second, 'te' 手, means 'hand'. The two kanji together mean "empty hands" 空手 (pinyin: kongshou).
The karate technique is divided into three main parts: Kihon (basic technique), Kata (jurus) and Kumite (fight). Advanced students are also taught to use weapons such as stick (bo) and stagger (nunchaku).
Kihon (基本: き ほ ん, Kihon?) Literally means the foundation or foundation. Karate practitioners have to master Kihon well before learning Kata and Kumite.
The Kihon training starts from learning to punch and kick (white belt) and dings (brown belt). At the stage and / or Black Belt, students are considered to have mastered the whole kihon well.
The word (型: か た) literally means form or pattern. The word in karate is not just a normal physical or aerobic exercise. But it also contains a lesson about fighting principles. Word movements also contain many philosophies of life. Each Word has a different rhythm of movement and breathing.
In Kata there is called Bunkai. Bunkai is a usable application of Word's basic movements.
Each stream has different motions and names for each Word. For example Kata Tekki in the Shotokan stream is known by the name Naihanchi in the flow of Shito Ryu. As a result Bunkai (word application) of each stream is also different.
Kumite (組 手: く み て) literally means "hand meeting". Kumite is done by advanced students (blue belt or more). But now, there are dojos that teach kumite to beginner level students (yellow belt). Before committing the free kumite (jiyu Kumite) the practitioner studies the goum kumite or yakusoku kumite. To kumite the flow of sport, better known as Kumite Shiai or Kumite Match.
For the Shotokan stream in Japan, the kumite is only done by students who have reached the level and (black belt). Practitioners are required to keep their blows in order not to harm a comrade.
For the flow of "direct contact" like Kyokushin, Karate practitioners have been accustomed to do the kumite since the blue strip belt. Kyokushin practitioners are allowed to launch kicks and punches as hard as they can to the opponent.
For a combination of flows like Wado-ryu, whose technique consists of a combination of Karate and Jujutsu, Kumite is divided into two types, Kumite for the preparation of Shiai, who are trained only techniques allowed in the game, and Goshinjutsu Kumite or Kumite for martial arts, all techniques used, including Jujutsu moves such as kicking, locking, and attacking vital points.
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