About Medical Treatments
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Burns are among the most common household injuries, especially in children. The term “burn” means more than the burning sensation associated with this injury. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage in which many of the affected cells die. Depending on the cause and degree of injury, most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences. More serious burns require immediate emergency medical care to prevent complications and death.
Third-degree burns carry the most risk for complications, such as infections, blood loss, and shock. Still, this doesn’t mean that minor first and second-degree burns can’t cause complications. All burns carry the risk of infections because bacteria can enter broken skin. Sepsis, or a bloodstream infection, can occur in the most severe cases. This can lead to shock or even death.
Tetanus is another possible complication with burns of all levels. Like sepsis, tetanus is a bacterial infection. It affects the nervous system, eventually leading to problems with muscle contractions. As a rule of thumb, every member of your household should receive updated tetanus shots every five years to prevent this type of infection.
Your doctor will usually prescribe a two-week regimen of oral antibiotics to treat cellulitis. Even if symptoms improve within a few days, it’s important to take all of the medication prescribed to ensure proper treatment. While taking antibiotics, monitor your condition to see if symptoms improve. In most cases, symptoms will improve or disappear within a few days. In some cases, pain relievers are prescribed. You should rest until your symptoms improve. While you rest, you should raise the affected limb higher than your heart to reduce any swelling.
Symptoms of Cellulitis
Cellulitis symptoms may include:
pain and tenderness in the affected area
redness or inflammation on your skin
skin sore or rash that appears and grows quickly
tight, glossy, swollen appearance of the skin
a feeling of warmth in the affected area
Some common signs of a more serious cellulitis infection are:
shaking or chills
feeling of illness
What are the Symptoms of Chemical Burns?
Symptoms of chemical burns may vary depending on how the burn was received. Burns caused by a swallowed chemical will be treated differently than burns that occur on the skin. The symptoms from a chemical burn may depend on some of the following factors:
length of contact with chemical
if the chemical was inhaled or swallowed
if skin was intact during contact (no open cuts or wounds)
location of the contact
the amount of chemical used
concentration of the chemical
strength of the chemical
if the chemical was gas, liquid, or solid
Treating Chemical Burns
If possible, first aid should be given to chemical burns immediately. This includes removing the chemical that caused the burn and rinsing the skin under running water for 10 to 20 minutes. If the burn occurred in the eyes, rinse continually for at least twenty minutes before seeking emergency care.
Remove any clothing or jewelry contaminated by the chemical. Wrap the burned area loosely if possible with a dry sterile dressing or clean cloth. If the burn is superficial, take an over-the- counter pain reliever. If the burn is more serious, head to the closest emergency facility.
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