十六國春秋別傳

十六國春秋別傳$1.90

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About 十六國春秋別傳

《十六國春秋》是記載十六國(公元304年~公元439年)歷史的紀傳體史書,作者是北魏的崔鴻。崔鴻,東清河縣(今中國東部山東平原西南)人,年輕時就有志于修史。西晉滅亡后中原地區先后出現了匈奴族劉淵、羯族石勒、氐族苻堅等建立的政權,歷史上總稱為十六國,這些政權各有自己的史書,但是體例不一,記述差距也較大。所以,崔鴻根據舊的記載,加以綜合匯編,寫成一百卷,此外還有序例一卷,年表一卷。

此書歷史地位很高,后來的魏收編寫《魏書》,唐朝時編修《晉書》,都將此書作為重要參考資料。不過到北宋時已經殘缺得只剩二十多卷。司馬光編修《資治通鑒》時曾引用過,但已非全貌。

現在,有三種不同版本的《十六國春秋》:一種是明代屠介孫、項琳編寫的百卷本,托名為崔鴻,是根據《晉書。載記》、《資治通鑒》以及《藝文類聚》、《太平御覽》等涉及十六國史實的書籍補充而成。第二種是《漢魏叢書》中保存的十六卷本,十六國各有一錄,這是明朝人根據《晉書。載記》編寫的。第三種是清朝的湯球編寫的《十六國春秋輯補》,他以上述《十六國春秋》為底本,再以各種類書中所引佚文補足,這是現在研究十六國歷史的重要資料。

"Sixteen States" is recorded in the Sixteen Kingdoms (AD 304-AD 439 years) history biographical history books, the author is the Northern Wei Cui Hong. Cui Hong, East Qinghe County (now eastern China Shandong plain Southwest) people, a young man interested in the repair history. After the fall of the Western Jin has appeared in the Central Plains region Huns Liu Yuan, Jie People Schleswig, dizu Fu Jian, such as establishing a regime, historically known as the Sixteen Kingdoms total, these regimes have their own histories, but the style varies, describing the larger gap . So, Cui Hong Under the old records, to be a comprehensive compilation, written one hundred volumes, in addition to an orderly case volume, chronology roll.

        High status history book, and later received written Wei "Wei", the Tang dynasty editing "a", will this book as an important reference. But to the Northern Song Dynasty had crippled leaving only twenty volumes. Sima Guang editing "Mirror" had quoted, but has not the whole picture.

        Now, there are three different versions of "Sixteen States": one is mediated Tu Ming Sun, Xiang Lin prepared one hundred volumes, prop named Cui Hong, is based on "Book of Jin. Records "," Mirror "and" Wen Lei Ju, "" Taipingyulan "and other books of historical facts involving 16 countries added together. The second is the "Han series" saved sixteen volumes, sixteen countries have a record, which is under the Ming Dynasty, "Jin Shu. Records "written. The third is the Qing Dynasty ball soup prepared by the "Spring and Autumn Complements Sixteen States", he said "Sixteen States" as the master copy, and then to various classes in the book cited Lost complement, which is now the country's history of sixteen important information.

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