書目答問

書目答問$1.90

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About 書目答問

《書目答問》,指導治學門徑的舉要目錄,五卷,清張之洞著,初刊於光緒二年。該書繼承和發展了傳統四部分類法,將所著錄的二千二百餘種書籍分為經、史、子、集、叢書五部,每部又分若干類。張之洞,字孝達,號香濤,晚號抱冰。直隸南皮人,同治進士,為後期洋務派代表人物之一。

《答問》收錄圖書能夠馭繁就簡,慎擇約取,選錄歷史上流傳至今的重要古籍,並重視清代學術成就,其中,《四庫全書》所未收者佔十之三四,並在重要書籍下作按語,書後附有初學讀本,使讀者漸識其門徑,本書對擴大讀者知識面、指導治學門徑具有一定參考價值,但是,囿於封建正統觀念,書中對戲曲、小說一概不收,對《四庫》禁毀書也未作補充,不能不說是一個遺憾。

張之洞也乃一代名臣,在西學東漸、在大清江山危亡之際,欲力輓狂瀾,別尋出路,主張“西學為體,中學為用”,屬於“清流”一派。其幕下人才濟濟,晚清著名的文化怪傑辜鴻銘即躋身於其中。跟隨張之洞學習中國古籍,也不算是明珠暗投吧。

Bibliographic Question and Answer guidance scholarship Path, move the catalog, five volumes, Qing Zhang Zhidong, published in the early years Guangxu. Book inherit and develop the traditional four classification, divided into twenty-two hundred books bibliographic classics, history, sub, set of five books, each was divided into a number of categories. Zhang Zhidong, the word Xiaoda, Hong Tao, Late hold ice. The Zhili the Nanpi people Tongzhi Scholars, post-Westernization one of the representatives.

        "Q & A" - Books Yu Fan Jane, careful Optional about to take, excerpted important ancient history spread so far, and the importance of academic achievement in the Qing Dynasty, which accounted for 10 of the "Si Ku Quan Shu" uncollected thirty-four and important books make an editor's note book with the beginner Reading, so that readers know the Path, gradually, the book has a certain reference value for the expansion of the readers knowledge, guidance scholarship Path, however, confined to the feudal orthodoxy, the book opera , the novel is not and will not close, Four prohibition and destruction book supplement, say that it is a pity.

        Zhang Zhidong was also due to the generation of Ming Chen, Western Learning, on the occasion of the Great Qing Dynasty peril, I want to turn the tide, do not look for a way out, advocated the "Western and secondary schools for the use of" belonging to "clean" faction. Under its curtain talents, the Late Qing famous culture geek Gu Hongming that among the them. To follow Zhang Zhidong learning Chinese classics should not be regarded Mingzhuantou.

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