About Bonsai Various Plants
Bonsai (盆栽?) Is a plant or tree that is dwarfed in shallow pots with the aim of making a miniature of the original form of a large tree that is old in the wild. Planting (sai, 栽) is done in shallow pots called bon (盆). The term bonsai is also used for traditional Japanese art in the maintenance of plants or trees in shallow pots, and the appreciation of the beauty of the branches, leaves, stems, and roots of trees, and shallow pots into containers, or whole shapes of plants or trees. Bonsai is a Japanese pronunciation for penzai (盆栽)
-This art covers various techniques of cutting and trimming plants, wiring (forming branches and branches of trees by wrapping wires or bending them with wire bonds), and making roots spread over rocks. The making of bonsai takes a long time and involves a variety of jobs, including the provision of fertilizer, pruning, plant formation, watering, and replacement of pots and soil. Plants or trees are dwarfed by cutting roots and twigs. Trees are formed with the help of wires on twigs and shoots. The wire must have been taken before it could scratch the bark of the tree. Plants are living things, and no bonsai can be finished or finished. Continuous change in plants according to season or natural state is one of the attractions of bonsai.
-Basic shape [edit | edit source]
Upright Straight (Chokkan)
Upright Winding (Moyogi)
Wind / Wind Winds (Fukinagashi)
Half Hang (Han Kengai)
Rolling Rod (Bankan)
Upright Sweep (Hōkidachi)
Trunked Two (Sōkan)
Literature Tree (Bunjinki)
Upright Straight (直 幹 Chokkan?)
The tree trunk is perpendicular vertically upward. The tree is said to have an ideal stem when the tree has a trunk diameter that is increasingly smaller upwards, starting from the stem that is close to the roots. The tree is said to have the ideal branch when the branch is on the front-rear or left-right side of each other crossed. The increasingly narrower and closer distances are narrower. The ideal root form is a root that, when viewed from above, travels in all directions.
Upright Winding (模 様 木 Moyogi?)
Upright tree trunk winding left and right. The stem diameter is increasingly smaller with a good left and right balance. A good branch is a branch that is at the top of the tree trunk. The branches inside the arch are cut. From the base of the stem to the top of the tree can be drawn a straight line, and people who see not worry with the balance of the tree.
Italic (斜 幹 Shakan?)
The tree trunk tilted to one side like a continual blowing wind in that direction. Just as there is an object blocking on one side, the tree trunks grow incline to the other side. Characteristic of this form in the form of a branch that is only at the top of the arch of the stem, and alternating on the left-right and front-back.
Windbreak (吹 流 し Fukiganashi?) / Wind Winds 
Compared to the bevel of the Leaning form, the tree grows while experiencing a more cruel coercion. Tree trunks and branches are leaning in only one direction. Stems and branches of trees leaning to one side are much longer than the height of the tree measured from the base of the stem to the top of the tree. The position of the stems and branches is similar to the Half-Hanging style bonsai, but the stems and branches appear to form a parallel line.
Hanging (懸崖 Kengai?)
Trees are likened to growing on the surface of steep walls that are on the edge of the sea cliff or the wall of a precipitous valley. The tree trunk grows like hanging down a cliff. The top of the tree hangs far beyond the bottom of the pot. If the top of the tree does not exceed the bottom of the pot then the bonsai is called Halang Menggantung (Han Kengai).
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